Nigeria // //

Babagana Umara Zulum

Executive Governor

Kadafur Umar Usman

Deputy Governor


Borno, the most north-easterly state in Nigeria, has a physical setting which arises from an amalgam of factors relating to location, geology, climate as well as the intensity of resources exploitation in the area.  The State lies between latitude 10°N and 13°N and longitude 12° and 15°.

Economic Profile

Agriculture and livestock farming which are the main stay of the state’s economy have vast developmental potentials. The State is rich in millet, rice, cassava, date palms, fruits vegetables, sorghum, wheat, sweet potatoes, cowpeas, sugar cane, groundnut, cotton, gum arabic and many others.Diatomite, Potassium/Sodium, Clay, Limestone and Uranium are found in Borno State. Crude oil is also explored in the Chad Basin Area.


Majority of the people of Borno State are farmers, herdsmen and fishermen. Agriculture is therefore, the mainstay of the economy. Crops grown in the State include guinea corn, millet, maize, rice, wheat, groundnut, cassava, beans and cowpeas. Others are vegetables, onions, okra and tomatoes.



Major Cities

Ethnic Profile
Borno State is quite heterogeneous, with a population of 3,178,225. The Kanuri as its dominant ethnic group account for about three quarters of the population of the State. They inhabit quite a number of LGAs, while other smaller ethnic groups: Babur, Bura, Shuwa, Marghi, Fulani, Hausa, Gamergu, or Kanakuru, Chibok, Ngoshe, Guduf, Mandara, Tera and several other smaller groups are found in Biu, Hawul, KwayaKusar, Bayo and Shani LGAs. The Chibok, another minority group, inhabit the newly created Chibok LGA. The Hausas are mainly in Askira and Maiduguri.
Local Govt Areas
Borno State as it stands today comprises twenty-seven (27) Local Government Areas (LGAs). These are: Maiduguri, Askira/Uba, Abadam, Ngala, Bayo, Gubio, Kala/Balge, Biu, Guzamala, Mafa, Chibok, Kaga, Konduga, Damboa, Kukawa, Bama, Gwoza, Magumeri, Jere, Hawul, Marte, Dikwa, KwayaKusar, Mobbar, Shani, Monguno, and Nganzai