Jigawa State (The New World)
Alhaji Mohammed Badaru Abubakar
Umar Alhaji Namadi
Creation: Jigawa State was created on Tuesday, August 27, 1991.
Major Cities: Auyo, Babura, Biriniwa, Birnin Kudu, Buji, Dutse, Gagarawa, Garki
Geographic Profile: Jigawa State called “The New World”, was excised from Kano State and covers a total land area of about 22,410 square kilometres. It is situated precisely in the north-western part of Nigeria, between latitudes 11.00°N to 13.00°N and longitudes 8.00°E to 10.15°E, Jigawa State is bordered on the west by Kano and Katsina States, on the east by Bauchi and Yobe States and on the north by Katsina State and an international border with Zinder Region in the Republic of Niger.
Economic Profile: Jigawa State is largely characterized by informal sector activities with agriculture as the major economic activity. Over eighty percent (80%) of the people from this State engage in subsistence farming and animal husbandry. Food crops produced in the State include maize, millet and guinea corn. While cash crops like cotton and groundnut are also produced. There are so many industrial enterprises in the State and these industries operate mostly with raw materials produced locally. These are in form of agriculture and livestock, and so trade and commerce in the State is hinged on small and medium scale, especially in agricultural goods, livestock and other consumer goods.
Ethnic Profile: The rich cultural heritage of the people is reflected in their mode of dressing, music, dance, craftsmanship, hospitality, food processing and pattern of settlement. Hausa culture and tradition have overshadowed others but the Fulani, Mangawa, Ngizimawa and Badawa still maintain their culture and tradition in their areas of concentration.
Occupation: Arts,crafts and livestock production play a dominant role in the socio-economic well being of the people, as it provides gainful employment, and compliment the economic life of farming families.
Local Government Area(LGAs): (27) Local Government Areas (LGAs) namely: Auyo, Babura, Biriniwa, Birnin Kudu, Buji, Dutse, Gagarawa, Garki, Gumel, Guri, Gwaram, Gwiwa, Hadejia, Jahun, Kafin Hausa, Kaugama, Kazaure, Kiri Kasama, Kiyawa, Maigatari, Malam Madori, Miga, Ringim, Roni, Sule Tankarkar, Taura and Yankwashi.
Raw Materials Distribution in Jigawa State
|S/N||LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA||MINERAL RAW MATERIALS||AGRO RAW MATERIALS|
|1||AUYO||Laterite, Quartz, Trona||Sorghum, Millet, Cow Pea, Date Palm Groundnut, Livestock (Hides And Skin), Onion, Tomatoes, Pepper, Wheat, Maize|
|2||BABURA||Silica Sand, Laterite||Sorghum, millet, Groundnut, Beniseed, Cowpea, Onions, Pepper|
|3||BIRNIN KUDU||Granite, Columbite, Lead/Zinc, Cassiterite||Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Mango, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Gum Arabic, Sheanut, Date Palm, Beniseed, Cow Pea, Tomatoes, Livestock (Hides and Skin).|
|4||BIRNIWA||Wheat, Millet, Gum Arabic, Beniseed, Cowpea, Tomatoes, Pepper, Melon|
Sorghum, millet, Maize, Tomatoes, Sugar cane, Livestock (Hides and Skin), Pepper.
|6||DUTSE||Granite, Uranium||Sorghum, Millet, Mango, Groundnut, Gum Arabic, Shea nut, Date Palm, Beniseed, Beans, Bambara Nuts, Cow pea, Rice, Livestock (Hides and Skin).|
|7||GAGARAWA||Laterite||Sorghum, Millet, Groundnut, beniseed, Locust Beans, Livestock, Poultry, Tomatoes, Pepper, Bambara Nuts, Tamarin, Cow Pea|
|Sorghum, Millet, Beniseed, Cowpea, Bambara Nut, Gum Arabic, Groundnut|
|9||GUMEL||Silica Sand, Kaolin, Diatomite||Wheat, Sorghum, Millet, Beniseed, Groundnut , Bambara Nuts, Cowpea.|
Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Beniseed, Groundnut, Livestock, (Hides & Skin) Tomatoes, Pepper, Wheat.
|11||GWARAM||Kaolin, Iron Ore, Quartz, Ball Clay, Granite, Cassiterite, Aquamarine||Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Wheat, Tomatoes, Cowpea, Rice, Pepper, Sugarcane, Gum Arabic, Sheanut, Beniseed, Livestock (Hides and Skin), Groundnut, Melon.|
|12||GWIWA||Trona||Sorghum, Millet, Beniseed, Mango, Cowpea, Bagaruwa, Bambara Nut, Sweet Potatoes, Groundnut, Wheat, Red Sorrel (Zobo).|
|13||HADEJIA||Kaolin, Trona, Diatomite||Sorghum, Millet, Rice, Wheat, Gum Arabic, Melon, Tomatoes, Beniseed, Groundnut, Cowpea, Pepper.|
|14||JAHUN||Silica Sand, Potash, Laterite, Iron Ore||
Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Mango, Beniseed, Beans, Rice, Wheat, groundnut, Sugarcane, Cashew Nut, Pepper, Tomatoes.
|15||KAFIN HAUSA||Trona.||Sorghum, Millet, Beans, Rice, Wheat, Groundnut, Pepper, Bagaruwa, Tomatoes, Onion, Livestock (Hides & Skin).|
|16||KAUGAMA||Kaolin, Ball Clay, Silica Sand||Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Beans, Rice, Wheat, Melon, Groundnut, Beniseed, Soyabeans, Cotton, Livestock.|
|17||KAZAURE||Granite, Silica Sand, Limestone||Sorghum, Millet, Neem Tree, Groundnut, Mango, Tomatoes, Pepper, Onion, Livestock (Hides & Skin), Cowpea|
|18||KIRI KASAMA||Trona, Laterite.||
Sorghum, Millet, Rice, Tomatoes, Fishery, Melon, Livestock (Hides & Skin), Gum Arabic.
|19||KIYAWA||Millet, Cassava, Cow Pea, Beans, Groundnut, Wheat, Date Palm, Livestock (Hides & Skin), Tomatoes, Pepper|
Sorghum, Millet, Gum Arabic, Cowpea, Melon, Livestock (Hides & Skin), Tomatoes, Pepper.
|21||MALAM MADURI||Sorghum, Millet, Melon, Cowpea, Beans, Groundnut, Wheat, Date Palm, Livestock (Hides & Skin), Tomatoes, Pepper|
Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Wheat, Mango, Livestock (Hides & Skin), Tomatoes, Pepper, Sheanut.
Sorghum, Millet, Beniseed, Rice, Melon, Groundnut, Wheat, Mango, Pepper, Tomatoes, Livestock.
|24||RONI||Kaolin, Iron Ore, Ball Clay, Talc||
Sorghum, Millet, Groundnut, Gum Arabic, Beans, Sheanut, Tomatoes, Pepper, Beniseed.
|25||SULE TANKARKAR||Limestone, Potash, Ball Clay, Talc||Beniseed, Groundnut, Bagaruwa, Millet, Maize, Tomatoes, Onion, Pepper|
Beniseed, Groundnut, Sorghum, Millet, Mango, Vegetable, Sweet Potato, Pepper, Wheat, Onion, Tomatoes.
|27||YANKWASHI||Beniseed, Maize, Beans, Sorghum, Millet, Wheat, Pepper, Onion, Tomatoes, Livestock (Hides and Skin).|