Borno State

Borno State (Home of Peace)

Executive Governor

His Excellency, BabaGana Umara

Deputy Governor

Umar Usman Kadafur

Creation: Borno State was created out of the defunct North-Eastern State in 1976.


Major Cities: Maiduguri, Ngala, Kala/Balge, Mafa, Biu, Abadam, Guzamala

Geographic Profile: Borno, the most north-easterly state in Nigeria, has a physical setting which arises from an amalgam of factors relating to location, geology, climate as well as the intensity of resources exploitation in the area.  The State lies between latitude 10°N and 13°N and longitude 12° and 15°.

Economic Profile: Agriculture and livestock farming which are the main stay of the state’s economy have vast developmental potentials. The State is rich in millet, rice, cassava, date palms, fruits vegetables, sorghum, wheat, sweet potatoes, cowpeas, sugar cane, groundnut, cotton, gum arabic and many others.Diatomite, Potassium/Sodium, Clay, Limestone and Uranium are found in Borno State. Crude oil is also explored in the Chad Basin Area.

Ethnic Profile: Borno State is quite heterogeneous, with a population of 3,178,225. The Kanuri as its dominant ethnic group account for about three quarters of the population of the State. They inhabit quite a number of LGAs, while other smaller ethnic groups: Babur, Bura, Shuwa, Marghi, Fulani, Hausa, Gamergu, or Kanakuru, Chibok, Ngoshe, Guduf, Mandara, Tera and several other smaller groups are found in Biu, Hawul, KwayaKusar, Bayo and Shani LGAs. The Chibok, another minority group, inhabit the newly created Chibok LGA. The Hausas are mainly in Askira and Maiduguri.

Occupation: Majority of the people of Borno State are farmers, herdsmen and fishermen. Agriculture is therefore, the mainstay of the economy. Crops grown in the State include guinea corn, millet, maize, rice, wheat, groundnut, cassava, beans and cowpeas. Others are vegetables, onions, okra and tomatoes.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Borno State as it stands today comprises twenty-seven (27) Local Government Areas (LGAs). These are: Maiduguri, Askira/Uba, Abadam, Ngala, Bayo, Gubio, Kala/Balge, Biu, Guzamala, Mafa, Chibok, Kaga, Konduga, Damboa, Kukawa, Bama, Gwoza, Magumeri, Jere, Hawul, Marte, Dikwa, KwayaKusar, Mobbar, Shani, Monguno, and Nganzai

Raw Materials Distribution in Borno State


1 ABADAM Silica Sand, natural Salt, Sapphire

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnut. Cowpea, Okro, Neem Tree, gum Arabic, Tomatoes, Pepper, Kenaf, Mango, Livestock, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).

2 ASKIRA/UBA Topaz, Mica, Quartz, Sapphire Sorghum, Millet, Cow Pea, Cotton, Groundnut, Maize, Bambara Nut, Beniseed, Cassava, Tamarind, Rice, Sugar Cane, Mango, Neem Tree, Okro, Guava, Citrus, Timber, Piggery, Poultry, Livestock, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Kenaf
3 BAMA Silica Sand Sorghum, Millet, Cowpea, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Tamarind, Onions, Rice, Cotton, Cucumber, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Carrots, Mango, Guava, Acacia Nilotia, Garden Egg. Neem Tree, Kenaf, Beniseed, Aya, Poultry, Livestock
4 BAYO Gypsum, Mica, Uranium Kenaf, Sugar Cane, Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Cowpea, Groundnut, Onions, Cassava, Tamarind, Tomatoes, Papper, Cotton, Bambara Nuts, Mango, Guava, Beniseed, Citus, Poultry, Livestock
5 BIU Iron Ore, Alluvial, Magnesite, Uranium, Feldspar, Topaz, Mica, Granite, Aquamarine, Nepheline, Natural Salt

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Cowpea, Cotton, Cassava, Bambara Nuts, Wheat, Groundnut, Tamarind, Tomatoes, Pepper, Okro, Rice, Cucumber, Timber, Sheanut, Beniseed, Water Melon, Citrus, Sugar Cane, Palm Kernel, Mango, Guava, Poultry, Dairy, Livestock, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).

6 CHIBOK Limestone, Kaolin, Gypsum Sorghum Millet, Cow Pea, Groundnut, Rice, Okro, Cassava, Tamarind, Mango, Citrus, Sugar, Sugar Cane, Maize, Beniseed, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Neem Tree, Poultry, Livestock
7 DAMBOA Limestone, Kaolin, Gypsum Sorghum, Millet, Cowpea, Groundnut, Rice, Maize, Cassava, Tamarind, Mango, Guava, Citrus, Sugar Cane, Beniseed, Bambara Nuts, Neem Tree, Pawpaw, Poultry, Livestock, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).
8 DIKWA Silica Sand, Bentonite Sorghum, Millet, Okro, Cowpea, Rice, Wheat, Livestock, Maize, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Cucumber, Neem Tree, Gum Arabic, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits)
9 GUBIO Silica Sand Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Millet, Sorghum, Cowpea, Maize, Gum Arabic, Groundnut, Mango, Bambara Nuts, Okro, Livestock
10 GUZAMALA Silica Sand, Potash, Trona, Limestone, Refractory Clay Millet, Sorghum, Cowpea, Maize, Gum Arabic, Wheat, Fishery, Rice, Black Caraway, Sweet Potatoes, Water Melon, Okro, Groundnut, Acacia Nilotica, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock
11 GWOZA Iron Ore, Feldspar, Quartz, Gypsum, Granite, Mica, Silica Sand, Gold, Kaolin Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Cow Pea, Cotton, Groundnut, Timber, Pepper, Mango, Citrus, Bambara Nuts, Guava, Okro, Beniseed, Aya (CiprusRutendus), Poultry, Livestock
12 HAWUL Granite, Clay, Alluvial Tin, Magnesite, Feldspar, Iron Ore Sorghum, Millet, Okro, Cowpea, Rice, Cotton, Groundnuts, Citrus, Mango, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Sugar Cane, Guava, Palm Kernel, Sheanut, Tomatoes, Pepper, Neem Tree, Poultry, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).
13 JERE Silica Sand, Clay, Laterite, Kaolinitic Clay Millet, Maize, Cowpea, Groundnut, Poultry, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Cucumber, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Mango, Water Melon, Citrus, Onions, Tomatoes, Neem Tree, Livestock.

Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Cowpea, Maize, Gum Arabic, Mango, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruit), Neem Trees, Okro, Livestock.

15 KALA/BALGE Silica Sand Sorghum, Millet, Kenaf, Cowpea, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Tamarind, Onions, Rice, Cotton, Cucumber, Okro, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Carrots, Mango, Guava, Acacia Nilotica, Garden Egg, Neem Trees, Beniseed, Aya, Poultry, Livestock
16 KONDUGA Silica Sand Sorghum, Millet, Okro, Water Melon, Rice, Cowpea, Groundnut, Cassava, Cucumber, Pepper, Maize, Neem Tree, Bambara Nuts, Onions, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Mango, Guava, Livestock
17 KUKAWA Silica Sand, Potash, Trona, Limestone, Refractory Clay Millet, Sorghum, Cowpea, Maize, Okro, Gum Arabic, Wheat, Fishery, Rice, Sweet Potatoes, Black Caraway, Water Melon, Groundnut, Acacia Nilotica, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock
18 KWAYA KUSAR Gypsum, Mica, Uranium

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Cow Pea, Cassava, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Groundnut, Tomatoes, Pepper, Tamarind, Mango, Citrus, Guava, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Onions, Poultry, Livestock, Cotton

19 MAFA Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Wheat, Water Melon, Kenaf, Cowpea, Cucumber, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Baobab Trees, Neem Trees, Poultry, Livestock, Mango

20 MAGUMERI Silica Sand

Millet, Sorghum, Maize, Cowpea, Gum Arabic, Groundnuts, Kenaf, Cucumber, Mango, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Baobab Trees, Bambara Nuts, Neem Trees Livestock

21 MAIDUGURI Silica   Sand, Kaolintic Clay, Clay, Fulters Earth

Millet, Maize, Groundnuts, Cucumber, Tomatoes, Onions, Pepper, Water Melon, Bambara Nuts, Rice, Mango, Okro, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Fishery, Poultry, Livestock

22 MARTE Bentonite

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnuts, Cowpea, Rice, Cotton, Neem Trees, livestock, Wheat, Kenaf, Okro, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Black Caraway, Cucumber, Bambara Nuts

23 MOBBAR Silica Sand, Natural Salt, Sapphire

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnut, Cowpea, Neem Trees, Gum Arabic, Tomatoes, Pepper, Kenaf, mango, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock.

24 MONGUNO Silica Sand, Bentonite

Sorghun, Millet, Cowpea, Tomatoes, Gum Arabic, Wheat, Water Melon, Fishery, Groundnut, Black Caraway, Kenaf, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock.

25 NGALA Bentonite, Laterite Clay, Refractory, Silica Sand, Trona

Sorghum, Millet, Cow Pea, Gum Arabic, Water Mellon, Wheat, Rice, Onions, Maize, Groundnut, Acacia Nilotica, Neem Trees, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Livestock

26 NGANZAI Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnut, Neem Trees, Cowpea, Wheat, Water Melon, Kenaf, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock.

27 SHANI Magnesite, Diatomite, Feldspar, Granite, Mica

Sorghum, Millet, Groundnut, Cassava, Maize, Tomatoes, Pepper, Rice, Cotton, Timber, Mango, Neem Trees, Kenaf, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Poultry, Livestock