Borno State

Borno State (Home of Peace)

 

 

Executive Governor

 

His Excellency, Kashim Shettima

 

Deputy Governor

 

Alhaji Usman Mamman Durkwa

 

Creation: Borno State was created out of the defunct North-Eastern State in 1976.

Capital:Maiduguri

Major Cities: Maiduguri, Ngala, Kala/Balge, Mafa, Biu, Abadam, Guzamala

Geographic Profile: Borno, the most north-easterly state in Nigeria, has a physical setting which arises from an amalgam of factors relating to location, geology, climate as well as the intensity of resources exploitation in the area.  The State lies between latitude 10°N and 13°N and longitude 12° and 15°.

Economic Profile: Agriculture and livestock farming which are the main stay of the state's economy have vast developmental potentials. The State is rich in millet, rice, cassava, date palms, fruits vegetables, sorghum, wheat, sweet potatoes, cowpeas, sugar cane, groundnut, cotton, gum arabic and many others.Diatomite, Potassium/Sodium, Clay, Limestone and Uranium are found in Borno State. Crude oil is also explored in the Chad Basin Area.

Ethnic Profile: Borno State is quite heterogeneous, with a population of 3,178,225. The Kanuri as its dominant ethnic group account for about three quarters of the population of the State. They inhabit quite a number of LGAs, while other smaller ethnic groups: Babur, Bura, Shuwa, Marghi, Fulani, Hausa, Gamergu, or Kanakuru, Chibok, Ngoshe, Guduf, Mandara, Tera and several other smaller groups are found in Biu, Hawul, KwayaKusar, Bayo and Shani LGAs. The Chibok, another minority group, inhabit the newly created Chibok LGA. The Hausas are mainly in Askira and Maiduguri.

Occupation: Majority of the people of Borno State are farmers, herdsmen and fishermen. Agriculture is therefore, the mainstay of the economy. Crops grown in the State include guinea corn, millet, maize, rice, wheat, groundnut, cassava, beans and cowpeas. Others are vegetables, onions, okra and tomatoes.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Borno State as it stands today comprises twenty-seven (27) Local Government Areas (LGAs). These are: Maiduguri, Askira/Uba, Abadam, Ngala, Bayo, Gubio, Kala/Balge, Biu, Guzamala, Mafa, Chibok, Kaga, Konduga, Damboa, Kukawa, Bama, Gwoza, Magumeri, Jere, Hawul, Marte, Dikwa, KwayaKusar, Mobbar, Shani, Monguno, and Nganzai

Raw Materials Distribution in Borno State

BORNO STATE

S/N

LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

MINERAL RAW MATERIALS

AGRO RAW MATERIALS

1

ABADAM

Silica Sand, natural Salt, Sapphire

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnut. Cowpea, Okro, Neem Tree, gum Arabic, Tomatoes, Pepper, Kenaf, Mango, Livestock, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).

2

ASKIRA/UBA

Topaz, Mica, Quartz, Sapphire

Sorghum, Millet, Cow Pea, Cotton, Groundnut, Maize, Bambara Nut, Beniseed, Cassava, Tamarind, Rice, Sugar Cane, Mango, Neem Tree, Okro, Guava, Citrus, Timber, Piggery, Poultry, Livestock, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Kenaf

3

BAMA

Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Cowpea, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Tamarind, Onions, Rice, Cotton, Cucumber, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Carrots, Mango, Guava, Acacia Nilotia, Garden Egg. Neem Tree, Kenaf, Beniseed, Aya, Poultry, Livestock

4

BAYO

Gypsum, Mica, Uranium

Kenaf, Sugar Cane, Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Cowpea, Groundnut, Onions, Cassava, Tamarind, Tomatoes, Papper, Cotton, Bambara Nuts, Mango, Guava, Beniseed, Citus, Poultry, Livestock

5

BIU

Iron Ore, Alluvial, Magnesite, Uranium, Feldspar, Topaz, Mica, Granite, Aquamarine, Nepheline, Natural Salt

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Cowpea, Cotton, Cassava, Bambara Nuts, Wheat, Groundnut, Tamarind, Tomatoes, Pepper, Okro, Rice, Cucumber, Timber, Sheanut, Beniseed, Water Melon, Citrus, Sugar Cane, Palm Kernel, Mango, Guava, Poultry, Dairy, Livestock, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).

6

CHIBOK

Limestone, Kaolin, Gypsum

Sorghum Millet, Cow Pea, Groundnut, Rice, Okro, Cassava, Tamarind, Mango, Citrus, Sugar, Sugar Cane, Maize, Beniseed, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Neem Tree, Poultry, Livestock

7

DAMBOA

Limestone, Kaolin, Gypsum

Sorghum, Millet, Cowpea, Groundnut, Rice, Maize, Cassava, Tamarind, Mango, Guava, Citrus, Sugar Cane, Beniseed, Bambara Nuts, Neem Tree, Pawpaw, Poultry, Livestock, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).

8

DIKWA

Silica Sand, Bentonite

Sorghum, Millet, Okro, Cowpea, Rice, Wheat, Livestock, Maize, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Cucumber, Neem Tree, Gum Arabic, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits)

9

GUBIO

Silica Sand

Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Millet, Sorghum, Cowpea, Maize, Gum Arabic, Groundnut, Mango, Bambara Nuts, Okro, Livestock

10

GUZAMALA

Silica Sand, Potash, Trona, Limestone, Refractory Clay

Millet, Sorghum, Cowpea, Maize, Gum Arabic, Wheat, Fishery, Rice, Black Caraway, Sweet Potatoes, Water Melon, Okro, Groundnut, Acacia Nilotica, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock

11

GWOZA

Iron Ore, Feldspar, Quartz, Gypsum, Granite, Mica, Silica Sand, Gold, Kaolin

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Cow Pea, Cotton, Groundnut, Timber, Pepper, Mango, Citrus, Bambara Nuts, Guava, Okro, Beniseed, Aya (CiprusRutendus), Poultry, Livestock

12

HAWUL

Granite, Clay, Alluvial Tin, Magnesite, Feldspar, Iron Ore

Sorghum, Millet, Okro, Cowpea, Rice, Cotton, Groundnuts, Citrus, Mango, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Sugar Cane, Guava, Palm Kernel, Sheanut, Tomatoes, Pepper, Neem Tree, Poultry, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits).

13

JERE

Silica Sand, Clay, Laterite, Kaolinitic Clay

Millet, Maize, Cowpea, Groundnut, Poultry, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Cucumber, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Mango, Water Melon, Citrus, Onions, Tomatoes, Neem Tree, Livestock.

14

KAGA

Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Cowpea, Maize, Gum Arabic, Mango, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruit), Neem Trees, Okro, Livestock.

15

KALA/BALGE

Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Kenaf, Cowpea, Groundnut, Bambara Nuts, Tamarind, Onions, Rice, Cotton, Cucumber, Okro, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Carrots, Mango, Guava, Acacia Nilotica, Garden Egg, Neem Trees, Beniseed, Aya, Poultry, Livestock

16

KONDUGA

Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Okro, Water Melon, Rice, Cowpea, Groundnut, Cassava, Cucumber, Pepper, Maize, Neem Tree, Bambara Nuts, Onions, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Mango, Guava, Livestock

17

KUKAWA

Silica Sand, Potash, Trona, Limestone, Refractory Clay

Millet, Sorghum, Cowpea, Maize, Okro, Gum Arabic, Wheat, Fishery, Rice, Sweet Potatoes, Black Caraway, Water Melon, Groundnut, Acacia Nilotica, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock

18

KWAYA KUSAR

Gypsum, Mica, Uranium

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Cow Pea, Cassava, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Groundnut, Tomatoes, Pepper, Tamarind, Mango, Citrus, Guava, Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Onions, Poultry, Livestock, Cotton

19

MAFA

Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Wheat, Water Melon, Kenaf, Cowpea, Cucumber, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel(Zobo Fruits), Baobab Trees, Neem Trees, Poultry, Livestock, Mango

20

MAGUMERI

Silica Sand

Millet, Sorghum, Maize, Cowpea, Gum Arabic, Groundnuts, Kenaf, Cucumber, Mango, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Baobab Trees, Bambara Nuts, Neem Trees Livestock

21

MAIDUGURI

Silica   Sand, Kaolintic Clay, Clay, Fulters Earth

Millet, Maize, Groundnuts, Cucumber, Tomatoes, Onions, Pepper, Water Melon, Bambara Nuts, Rice, Mango, Okro, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Fishery, Poultry, Livestock

22

MARTE

Bentonite

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnuts, Cowpea, Rice, Cotton, Neem Trees, livestock, Wheat, Kenaf, Okro, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Black Caraway, Cucumber, Bambara Nuts

23

MOBBAR

Silica Sand, Natural Salt, Sapphire

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnut, Cowpea, Neem Trees, Gum Arabic, Tomatoes, Pepper, Kenaf, mango, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock.

24

MONGUNO

Silica Sand, Bentonite

Sorghun, Millet, Cowpea, Tomatoes, Gum Arabic, Wheat, Water Melon, Fishery, Groundnut, Black Caraway, Kenaf, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock.

25

NGALA

Bentonite, Laterite Clay, Refractory, Silica Sand, Trona

Sorghum, Millet, Cow Pea, Gum Arabic, Water Mellon, Wheat, Rice, Onions, Maize, Groundnut, Acacia Nilotica, Neem Trees, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Okro, Livestock

26

NGANZAI

Silica Sand

Sorghum, Millet, Maize, Groundnut, Neem Trees, Cowpea, Wheat, Water Melon, Kenaf, Bambara Nuts, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Livestock.

27

SHANI

Magnesite, Diatomite, Feldspar, Granite, Mica

Sorghum, Millet, Groundnut, Cassava, Maize, Tomatoes, Pepper, Rice, Cotton, Timber, Mango, Neem Trees, Kenaf, Sorrel (Zobo Fruits), Bambara Nuts, Beniseed, Poultry, Livestock